MidAmerica Orthopaedics Blog

Clubfoot: Causes and Treatments

Clubfoot

Clubfoot is a rare birth defect in which an infant’s foot is turned inward, often so severely that the bottom of the foot is facing upwards or sideways.

There are fewer than 200,000 recorded cases per year in the United States, with boys twice as likely to be diagnosed with the deformity than girls. While most cases of clubfoot are diagnosed at birth, many cases can also initially be detected during a prenatal ultrasound. In about half the cases, both of the infant’s feet are affected.

Clubfoot is not painful during infancy, however, if the problem goes untreated, the affected foot will remained deformed and the child will not be able to walk properly or wear normal shoes. Although, with proper treatment the majority of children experience significant improvement over time and often are able to participate in a wide variety of physical activities.

Common Baseball Injuries: Part 1 Rotator Cuff

Baseball season is in full swing and with it comes celebrated wins, upsetting losses, and inevitable injuries. While we hope your season doesn’t result in the latter, we want to make sure you know where to turn if it does. This three-part blog series outlines three common baseball injuries: Rotator cuff tears, knee injuries and elbow tendonitis. So no matter what position you’re playing on the field, you know where to turn to for the care you need.

Rotator Cuff Tears

Rotator cuff tears are a common baseball injury, especially for pitchers. Your rotator cuff keeps your arm in its socket. It’s made up of a group of four muscles that combine as a tendon to help rotate and move your arm. This is why pitchers often fall victim to this injury.

What is Scoliosis?

Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that typically forms just prior to puberty. While most cases of scoliosis are so mild they do not necessitate treatment, there are cases of scoliosis that have been linked to conditions such as muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy. If left untreated, scoliosis may also result in heart and lung problems.

Signs, Symptoms & Causes

Signs you or a loved one may be suffering from scoliosis include noticeably uneven shoulder or hip height or one shoulder or hip being more prominent than the other. Additionally, the waist may be slightly higher on one side.

Symptoms of scoliosis often begin to appear during the final growth spurt before puberty. Most people living with scoliosis do not need treatment, though it is possible for conditions to worsen enough to create complications ranging from back problems to lung and heart damage. Issues such as these are a result of the rib cage sitting unevenly in the torso.

While many in the medical field are still trying to confirm that certain hereditary factors lead to the most common forms of scoliosis, we do know that less common types of scoliosis often form due to spinal injuries or infections, birth defects, or neuromuscular conditions such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy.