MidAmerica Orthopaedics Blog

What is Scoliosis?

Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine that typically forms just prior to puberty. While most cases of scoliosis are so mild they do not necessitate treatment, there are cases of scoliosis that have been linked to conditions such as muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy. If left untreated, scoliosis may also result in heart and lung problems.

Signs, Symptoms & Causes

Signs you or a loved one may be suffering from scoliosis include noticeably uneven shoulder or hip height or one shoulder or hip being more prominent than the other. Additionally, the waist may be slightly higher on one side.

Symptoms of scoliosis often begin to appear during the final growth spurt before puberty. Most people living with scoliosis do not need treatment, though it is possible for conditions to worsen enough to create complications ranging from back problems to lung and heart damage. Issues such as these are a result of the rib cage sitting unevenly in the torso.

While many in the medical field are still trying to confirm that certain hereditary factors lead to the most common forms of scoliosis, we do know that less common types of scoliosis often form due to spinal injuries or infections, birth defects, or neuromuscular conditions such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy.

Sciatic Nerve Pain: Causes and Treatments

Sciatic Nerve Pain

Sciatica is a term describing the symptoms of leg pain originating in the lower back, traveling through the buttock and down the sciatic nerve located at the back of each leg. The sciatic nerve is the largest single nerve in the body, made up of individual nerve roots branching from the spine in the lower back.


Sciatica symptoms occur when the sciatic nerve is compressed or irritated near its point of origin. However, sciatica is not a medical diagnosis; it is a symptom of an underlying medical condition that causes sciatic pain.

Sciatic nerve pain varies from infrequent and irritating to constant and debilitating. Symptoms are usually determined by the location of the pinched nerve. Common symptoms include:

  • Leg pain described as tingling, burning, or searing
  • Weakness, numbness or tingling in the foot or toes
  • Sharp pain making it difficult to stand or walk
  • Constant pain in one side of the buttocks (rarely both sides)
  • Pain that increases when sitting

Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Treatment

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Symptoms and Treatment

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a pinched nerve in the wrist that can cause, numbness and tingling in the hand and arm. It is due to compression of the median nerve, which passes through the carpal tunnel at the base of the wrist and into the hand.

As pressure builds within the carpal tunnel, the median nerve no longer conducts electricity properly which leads to the symptoms of numbness and tingling in the hand and fingers. As Carpal Tunnel Syndrome progresses it may limit your ability to work, participate in sports, or perform daily activities.

It’s a condition that affects nearly 3 million Americans annually.